Chymical Lectures: in which almost all the operations of Chymistry are reduced to their true principles, and the laws of nature. Read in the Museum at Oxford, 1704. Englished by J.M. To which is added, an appendix, containing an account given of this book in the Lipsick Acts…

London: Printed by Philip Gwillim, for Jonah Bowyer…1712

8vo, pp. (xvi), 200. Title within double ruled border. Contemporary panelled sheep, spine with gilt centres and red morocco label (joints cracked but firm, head of spine worn). Pale stain in lower corner of front endpapers and (faintly) first two leaves, otherwise a very clean and crisp copy. Armorial bookplate of the earl of Macclesfield on front pastedown, and blindstamp on title.

FIRST EDITION IN ENGLISH of the first academic lectures on chemistry published in England. Freind was the first holder of the Readership in Chemistry established at Oxford in 1704, and he lectured in the Ashmolean Museum, emphasising the importance of accurate experimentation. George Wilson had earlier given chemistry lectures in London, on which his Compleat course of chymistry, 1698, was based. “In 1704 Freind was appointed professor of chemistry at Oxford, and delivered a series of lectures which were published in 1709 as Praelectiones chymicae. In these he attempted to explain chemical phenomena in terms of atoms and a Newtonian short-range force, following the work of John Keill… A second edition of Freind's Praelectiones chymicae was published in Amsterdam in 1710, leading to a critical review in the Leipzig Acta Eruditorum. Freind replied in a Latin letter in the Philosophical Transactions in 1711 in which he defended Newton’s theory of matter. The German criticism was part of the wider debate between partisans of Newton and Leibniz on the origins of the calculus. Freind’s defence of the Newtonian position undoubtedly paved the way for his election to the Royal Society in March 1712. In that year he issued an English translation of Praelectiones chymicae which included his reply” (ODNB). See Musson & Robinson, Science and technology in the Industrial Revolution, p. 32. Neville, I, p. 480, with a long note. Partington II, p. 480. This edition not in Cole or Duveen.


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