Ophthalmoduleia [Greek type]. Das ist, Augendienst. Newer und wolgegründter Bericht von ursachen und erkentnüs aller Gebrechen, Schäden und Mängel der Augen und des Gesichtes… Mit schönen, herrlichen Contrafectischen Figuren...

[Colophon:] Gedruckt zu Dresden: durch Matthes Stöckel,1583

Folio, ff. (xxviii), 274, (8). Title in red and black within ornamental woodcut border (repeated on C1r), woodcut coat-of-arms, woodcut portrait of the author aged 48, and 88 full-page woodcuts in the text (including several repeated and 2 of the anatomy of the brain and eye with 5 and 6 overlay flaps respectively). Contemporary limp vellum, doeskin ties replaced. Purchase note of Andreas Lautmarr dated 1585 on front pastedown; also of Lundsgaard in Copenhagen, 1921; two old, small and faint library stamps on the title-page. Some inherent stains from the binding on the endpapers, paper a little browned as is usual with this book, but a really nice copy.

FIRST EDITION. The first modern work on eye surgery, and one of the most remarkable illustrated books in early medical literature. It was also the first work to establish a subspeciality within the domain of surgery, establishing the term “ophthalmology”. “The book’s text, in twelve parts, and its woodcut illustrations combine to give a comprehensive view of Renaissance eye surgery. The woodcuts constitute one of the most remarkable features of the publication: they total ninety-one, including some repetitions, and they are believed to have been executed by Hans Hewamaul after Bartisch’s own drawings. Two of the illustrations are presented with overlays showing anatomical parts lying successively one under the other; Bartisch was the first to illustrate the brain and the eye in this manner. The book was printed at Bartisch’s own expense and was widely used for the next century” (Daniel M. Albert and Eugene Flamm in the Grolier One Hundred). These striking illustrations show the anatomy and diseases of the eye, surgical operations, instruments, distilling apparatus, etc. They are crowded with detail, and form a comprehensive picture book of practical methods of treatment. Bartisch was court oculist to the Elector of of Dresden and the founder of modern ophthalmology. He was a skilful operator, and developed many instruments. He was renowned for his cataract operations, and was the first to practise the extirpation of the bulbus in cancer of the eye. G&M 5817. Grolier One Hundred (Medicine), 22. Lilly, Notable Medical Books, 49. Hirschberg II, pp. 323–342. Norman catalogue 125.


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